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Turkey: Erdogan’s Assault on Education: The Closure of Secular Schools (Xanthe Ackerman and Ekin Calisir)

Friday 8 January 2016

Source: Foreign Affairs - December 23, 2015

By Xanthe Ackerman and Ekin Calisir

In Turkey, where there has been a rise in Islamic religiosity, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, founder of the pro-Islamist Development and Justice Party (AKP), is converting some public schools into seminaries called imam–hatips (or traditional training schools for Sunni Muslim clergy) in an effort to raise a generation of “religious youth.”

Students who perform poorly on entrance exams for secondary school are shunted into imam–hatips where they study the Koran for up to 13 hours a week and take courses on the life of the Prophet Muhammad and Arabic. Erdogan has boasted that during his tenure as president, enrollment in these schools soared from 63,000 to over one million. The number of imam–hatips increased by 73 percent between 2010 and 2014 and 13 percent of Turkish students now study at such schools.

Outraged, dozens of Turkish parents in Istanbul created an advocacy group called Hands Off My School to fight against Erdogan’s education policy. In June of 2014, when the government tried to convert the local middle school to an imam–hatip, the group circulated a petition that quickly collected 13,000 signatures from other parents. A young lawyer from the neighborhood, Yasemin Zeytinoglu, even filed an emergency suspension with the Istanbul Administrative Court to halt the conversion.

Government officials eventually dropped the order to convert the school, giving the parents a short-lived victory. But the school stopped taking new students and after the current classes graduate, it will reopen as an extracurricular center. Left with no choice but to enroll their children in a . . .

FULL TEXT HERE: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/turkey/2015-12-23/erdogans-assault-education

see also:

Hands off My School - A day of protest — Parents fighting against imposition of Sunni Islam in schools in Istanbul (Ekin Calisir) https://vimeo.com/144076713