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India: Prevention of superstition

Saturday 4 November 2017, by siawi3

Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/karnataka-anti-superstition-bill-what-is-banned-and-what-is-not/article19762981.ece

Karnataka anti-superstition Bill: what is banned and what is not?

Nagesh Prabhu

September 27, 2017 17:24 IST
Updated: September 27, 2017 20:10 IST

A man performs Sidi in Hassan, a ritual involving inserting hooks on the back and suspending from a pole. | Photo Credit: Prakash Hassan

The Karnataka Cabinet on Wednesday cleared the much-delayed and debated Karnataka Prevention and Eradication of Inhuman Evil Practices and Black Magic Bill, 2017, popularly known as the anti-superstition Bill.

The Bill, if cleared by the State legislature, is expected to put an end to various inhuman practices such as black magic, witchcraft, or any act in the name of religion that causes harm to humans and animals. However, acts such as Kesh Lochan (plucking of hair), vaastu and astrology have not been barred.

Here is the list of what is banned and what is not banned:

What is not banned:

The form of the worship such as Pradakshina, Yatra, Parikrama performed at religious places

Harikata, Keerthana, Pravachana, Bhajana, teaching of ancient and traditional learning and arts, practice, propagation and circulation

Miracles of the deceased saints propagation, publicity and circulation of the same and the propagation, publicity and distribution of literature about miracles of the religious preachers which do not cause physical injury

Performance of prayers, upasana and religious rituals at home, temple, darghas, gurdwara, pagoda, church, and other religious places which do not cause physical injury

All religious celebrations, festivals, prayers, procession and other act relating other rituals

Piercing of ears and nose of children in accordance with rituals and performance of religious ritual such as Kesh Lochan by the Jains

Advice in regard to vaastu shasthra, and advice by jyothishya and other astrologers

What is banned:

Facilitating any person or persons roll over (uruli seve) on the leaves of left over food by other persons in any public or religious places or similar practices that violate human dignity, also known as made snana

Cercing any person to perform fire-walk at the time of jatras/religious festivals, causing physical injury

Practice of piercing from rods from one side of jaw to another side of the jaw and including the tongue (baibiga practice)

Pelting stones in the name of banamathi, mata-mantra and mata-mantra on the residential houses during night or day

Prohibiting and preventing a person from taking medical treatment in the case of dog, snake, or scorpion bite, and instead giving him ‘treatment’ like mata-mantra, gandra-dora of such other things

Forcing person to carry on evil practices such as killing of an animal by biting its neck (gaavu), that cause harm to public health nuisance

Performing any inhuman, evil act and black magic in search of precious things, bounty and hidden treasure in the name of banamathi, mata-mantra, assaulting any person, parading naked or put a ban on his daily activities or instigate advise or encourage committing such inhuman acts

To create an impression by declaring that a power inapprehensible by senses has influenced one’s body or that a person has possessed such power thereby create fear in the minds of people or to threaten others of evil consequences for not following the advice of such person or deceive defraud and deter them

Under the pretext of expelling the ghost, assaulting by tying the person with rope or chain, beating by stick or whip to make the person drink footwear soaked water, causing pain by way of touching heated object to organs or body of a person, forcing a person to perform sexual act in the open, practice inhuman acts, putting urine or human excreta forcibly in the mouth of a person or practice any such acts

Creating panic in the minds of public in general by way of invoking ghost or mantras

Preventing person taking medical treatment and diverting him or her to practice inhuman evil and aghory acts

Claiming to perform surgery by fingers or claiming to change the sex of a foetus in womb of a woman

Persuading, propagating or facilitating rituals that involve self-inflicted injuries such as hanging from a hook: inserted into the body (sidi) or pulling a chariot by hook inserted into the body

Persuading, propagating or facilitating rituals involving harm inflicted on children in the name of curing them, such as throwing them on thorns or from heights and branding them with heated objects

Practising evil practices against women by forcing isolation, prohibiting re-entry into the village or facilitating segregation of menstruating, or pregnant women; and subjecting women to inhuman and humiliating practices such as parading them naked in the name of worship, or “betthale seve”

Clarification: The Bill was earlier named the Karnataka Prevention and Eradication of Human Sacrifices and other Inhuman Evil and Aghori Practices and Black Magic Bill, 2017, it has since been renamed the Karnataka Prevention and Eradication of Inhuman Evil Practices and Black Magic Bill, 2017. The copy has been edited to reflect this.

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Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/cabinet-approves-anti-superstition-bill/article19764462.ece

Karnataka
Cabinet approves anti-superstition Bill

Special Correspondent

BENGALURU, September 27, 2017 23:34 IST
Updated: September 27, 2017 23:34 IST

It seeks ban on controversial ‘made snana’, but is silent on regulating astrology, vaastu practices

The State Cabinet on Wednesday approved the much-delayed and debated Karnataka Prevention and Eradication of Inhuman Evil Practices and Black Magic Bill, 2017 — better known as the anti-superstition Bill — which seeks to ban among other practices the controversial ‘made snana’ ritual (devotees rolling over plantain leaves having food leftovers) in public/religious places.

However, the Bill does not cover regulations for astrology and vaastu practice, piercing of ears and nose of children in accordance with certain rituals, and performance of religious rituals such as ‘Keshlochan’ by the Jains.

But, it proposes to ban evil practices such as killing an animal by biting its neck (gaavu).

The approval of the Bill is being seen as fulfilling the commitment made by Chief Minister Siddaramaiah to rationalists, writers, and activists who fought for a ban on superstitious practices.

A Cabinet meeting, presided over by Mr. Siddaramaiah cleared the Bill to protect people against evil and sinister practices and to combat and eradicate inhuman, evil, sinister practices propagated/performed in the name of “supernatural” or black magic.

Law and Parliamentary Affairs Minister T.B. Jayachandra told presspersons after the Cabinet meeting that the Bill proposed to ban made snana, which is practised at Kukke Subrahmanya temple in Dakshina Kannada district, in violation of human dignity,

To be tabled

The Bill would be tabled in the next session of the State legislature.

The issue over either banning or regulating vaastu and astrology practice was discussed, but no decision was taken, he said.

The Bill also encompasses ban on human sacrifice; coercing a person to perform fire-walk at religious festivals; piercing jaw with rods, baibeega practice; pelting stones in the name of banamathi, mata-mantra; creating panic in the minds of the people by invoking ghost or mantras; claiming to perform surgery with fingers, or claiming to change the sex of foetus in the womb. It also seeks to ban practices against women: forcing them to stay in isolation; subjecting them to inhuman and humiliating practices such as parading them naked in the name of worship (betthale save); and sexual exploitation by invoking supernatural powers.

Following protests from within the government and outside, the government had amended the intended Bill, which originally had provisions for banning superstitious practices, including astrology and animal sacrifice.

Following strong opposition from the BJP and some seers, who described the proposed Bill as “anti-Hindu”, the government deferred the Bill many times.

A Cabinet subcommittee, headed by Speaker Kogadu Thimmappa, drafted the Bill that was vetted by the Law Department before placing it before the Cabinet.

The Bill proposes appointment of a vigilance officer to monitor violations of the provisions of the law and its rules. Violators of the law will be penalised, with imprisonment of not less than one year and a fine of not less than ₹5,000.