Subscribe to SIAWI content updates by Email
Home > fundamentalism / shrinking secular space > 2018 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to Yazidi Activist and Congolese (...)

2018 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to Yazidi Activist and Congolese Doctor

Friday 5 October 2018, by siawi3

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/05/world/nobel-peace-prize.html

2018 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to Yazidi Activist and Congolese Doctor

Image: Dr. Mukwege, a Congolese gynecological surgeon, and Ms. Murad, a former captive of the Islamic State, were rewarded “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.”CreditCreditYves Herman/Reuter; Patrick Seeger/EPA, via Shutterstock

By Rukmini Callimachi, Jeffrey Gettleman, Nicholas Kulish and Benjamin Mueller

Oct. 5, 2018

In the midst of a global reckoning over sexual violence, a Yazidi woman who was a captive of the Islamic State and a Congolese gynecological surgeon were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their campaigns to end the use of mass rape as a weapon of war.

The award went to Nadia Murad, who became a bold, dignified voice for women who survived sexual violence by the Islamic State, and to Dr. Denis Mukwege, who has treated thousands of women in a country once called the rape capital of the world.

They have worked through grave risks to their own lives to help survivors and bring their stories to the world.

“We want to send out a message of awareness that women, who constitute half of the population in most communities, actually are used as a weapon of war, and that they need protection and that the perpetrators have to be prosecuted and held responsible for their actions,” Berit Reiss-Andersen, the chairwoman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said.

In a year when women have turned the world’s attention to an epidemic of sexual abuse in the home and in the workplace, the award cast a spotlight on two global regions where women have paid a devastating price for years of armed conflict.

[Read about the struggles of Dr. Mukwege and Ms. Murad, in their own words.]

Ms. Murad, 25, was singled out for rape by the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, after being abducted alongside thousands of other women and girls from the Yazidi minority in northern Iraq in 2014. Whereas the majority of women who escaped refused to be named, Ms. Murad insisted to reporters that she wanted to be identified and photographed, and her advocacy helped to persuade the United States State Department to recognize the genocide of her people at the hands of the terrorist group.

Photo: The ISIS Files: When Terrorists Run City Hall
We unearthed thousands of internal documents that help explain how the Islamic State stayed in power so long.
April 4, 2018

Dr. Mukwege, 63, works in one of the most traumatized places on the planet, where villagers have fallen prey to militias, bandits, government soldiers and foreign armies: the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. In a bare hospital in the hills above Bukavu, where for years there was little electricity or enough anesthetic, he performed surgery on countless women. He campaigned relentlessly to bring attention to their plight.

On Friday, from a hospital in Bukavu, Dr. Mukwege told reporters: “This Nobel Prize reflects the recognition of suffering and the lack of a just reparation for women victims of rape and sexual violence in all countries of the world and on all continents.”

He also dedicated his prize to “women of all countries bruised by conflict and facing everyday violence.”

In a statement, Ms. Murad congratulated Dr. Mukwege and said she was “incredibly honored and humbled.” She said she shared the award “with Yazidis, Iraqis, Kurds, other persecuted minorities and all of the countless victims of sexual violence around the world.”

Using the Arabic acronym for ISIS, she added: “I think of my mother, who was murdered by Daesh, the children with whom I grew up, and what we must do to honor them. Persecution of minorities must end.”

Born and raised in the village of Kojo in northern Iraq, Ms. Murad, along with her family, was at the center of ISIS’ campaign of ethnic cleansing. Kojo, on the southern flank of Mount Sinjar, was one of the first Yazidi villages to be overrun by ISIS, which launched its attack from the south on Aug. 3, 2014.

Residents were herded into Kojo’s only school, where women and girls were separated from the men. The male captives, including six of Ms. Murad’s brothers, were loaded into trucks, driven to a field outside the town and executed.

Image Ms. Murad visiting her home village in Iraq in June 2017. It was the first time she had returned since being taken prisoner by the Islamic State in 2014.CreditAlkis Konstantinidis/Reuters

The women and girls were forced into buses. Ms. Murad was taken to a slave market, where she was sold to an ISIS judge. He repeatedly raped her, beating her if she tried to close her eyes during the assault. When she tried to jump out a window, she recounted, he ordered her to undress and left her with his bodyguards, who raped her one by one. She eventually escaped.

She embarked on a worldwide campaign, speaking before the United Nations Security Council, the United States House, the House of Commons in Britain and other global bodies.

Ms. Murad has said that she was exhausted by having to repeatedly speak out, but she said she knew that other Yazidi women were being raped back home: “I will go back to my life when women in captivity go back to their lives, when my community has a place, when I see people accountable for their crimes.”

She became the second-youngest winner of the Nobel Peace Prize after the activist Malala Yousafzai, who was honored in 2014 after surviving a shooting by the Taliban. In 2016, Ms. Murad was named the United Nations’ first good-will ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking. That same year, she was awarded the Vaclav Havel Human Rights Prize.

In August this year, she announced she was engaged to a fellow Yazidi activist. A documentary to be released this month, “On Her Shoulders,” follows Ms. Murad as she travels the world to enlist global leaders in her fight.

She also recounted her life story in a recently published autobiography, “The Last Girl,” where Ms. Murad writes: “I want to be the last girl in the world with a story like mine.”

The injuries that Dr. Mukwege has treated are ghastly: women who have had assault rifles stuck inside them; others pierced with chunks of wood; some victims collapsing on the hospital steps with deep rope burns on their necks from where they had been lashed to trees. Dr. Mukwege has also treated 2-year-olds and women in their 70s.

Image: Dr. Mukwege visiting patients in Bukavu, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in 2007.CreditHazel Thompson for The New York Times

“It’s not a women question; it’s a humanity question, and men have to take responsibility to end it,” Dr. Mukwege once said in an interview. “It’s not an Africa problem. In Bosnia, Syria, Liberia, Colombia, you have the same thing.”

In 2012, Dr. Mukwege delivered a fiery speech at the United Nations, upbraiding the Congolese government and other nations for not doing enough to stop what he called “an unjust war that has used violence against women and rape as a strategy of war.”

His advocacy nearly cost him his life. Shortly after the speech, when he returned to Congo, four armed men crept into his compound in Bukavu. They took his children hostage and waited for him to return from work. In the hail of bullets that followed, his guard was killed, but Dr. Mukwege threw himself on the ground and somehow survived.

He spent more than two months in exile but decided that he had to return. “To treat women for the first time, second time, and now I’m treating the children born after rape,” Dr. Mukwege said. “This is not acceptable.”

When he returned, he received a hero’s welcome. Banners flew across town with messages like “Welcome our Superman.” To the people in the crowd, Dr. Mukwege urged hoped and forgiveness.

He has also criticized the Congolese government for acts of sexual violence by its troops, and on Friday, the very same government congratulated him for the prize, even while chiding him for politicizing his work.

In awarding the activists the award, the Norwegian Nobel Committee decided against an unlikely trio of leaders that had been the favorites among bookmakers around the world: President Trump, Kim Jong-un of North Korea, and President Moon Jae-in of South Korea.

They have taken on the herculean task of trying to denuclearize the divided Korean Peninsula, achieving a shaky détente.

Steve Wembi contributed reported from Nairobi, Kenya.