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Iran executes ’counter-revolutionary’ opposition figure Ruhollah Zam

Saturday 12 December 2020, by siawi3

Source: https://sabrangindia.in/article/iran-executes-dissident-journalist-inspiring-2017-protests

Iran executes dissident journalist for inspiring 2017 protests

Ruhollah Zam had been convicted of “corruption of Earth”, a charge used in cases of attempting to overthrow the Iranian Government

Sabrangindia

12 Dec 2020

Iranian state television and the state-run IRNA news agency say that Iran has executed the 47-year-old Ruhollah Zam, a journalist who encouraged nationwide economic protests in 2017. He was reportedly hanged early morning on December 12.

His website AmadNews which has more than 1 million followers and a channel created by him on the popular messaging application Telegram had spread the timings of the protests and embarrassing information about officials that directly challenged Iran’s Shi’ite theocracy. AmadNews was suspended by Telegram in 2018 for allegedly inciting violence but later reappeared under another name.

In June, 2020 a court in Iran had sentenced him to death, saying he had been convicted of “corruption on Earth”, a charge often used in cases involving espionage or attempts to overthrow Iran’s government, as reported by the Guardian.

Zam was the son of a pro-reform Shi’ite cleric, and had fled Iran to seek asylum in France. In October 2019, Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps had trapped Zam in a “complex operation using intelligence deception” but it did not reveal where the operation had taken place.

Iran saw massive protests at the end of 2017 across 80 cities and towns against the rising prices of basic goods. The capital city of Tehran saw tens of thousands of people take to the streets to vent their anger at the entire establishment. Since then, 21 people have lost their lives in the clashes and over 1000 arrests have been made.

The demonstrations were about the failure of President Hassan Rouhani’s government to revive Iran’s struggling economy, address high unemployment and alleged corruption. The citizens also resented the country’s decision of spending a lot of money on conflicts elsewhere in the Middle East when people were suffering back at home.

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Source: https://www.dawn.com/news/1595365/iran-executes-counter-revolutionary-opposition-figure-ruhollah-zam

Iran executes ’counter-revolutionary’ opposition figure Ruhollah Zam

AFP

12 Dec 2020

Iran authorities on Saturday executed Ruhollah Zam, a former opposition figure who had lived in exile in France and was implicated in anti-government protests, days after his sentence was upheld.

State television said the “counter-revolutionary” Zam was hanged in the morning after the supreme court upheld his sentence due to “the severity of the crimes” committed against the Islamic republic.

Judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaili had on Tuesday said Zam’s sentence was upheld by the supreme court “more than a month ago”.

London-based human rights group Amnesty International, in a statement after his verdict was confirmed, described Zam as a “journalist and dissident”.

It said the confirmation marked “a shocking escalation in the use of the death penalty as a weapon of repression”.

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards announced the arrest of Zam in October 2019, claiming he had been “directed by France’s intelligence service”.

State television said he was “under the protection of several countries’ intelligence services”.

The official IRNA news agency said he was also convicted of espionage for France and an unnamed country in the region, cooperating with the “hostile government of America”, acting against “the country’s security”, insulting the “sanctity of Islam” and instigating violence during the 2017 protests.

At least 25 people were killed during the unrest in December 2017 and January 2018 that was sparked by economic hardship.

Zam, who was granted political asylum in France and reportedly lived in Paris, ran a channel on the Telegram messaging app called Amadnews.

Telegram shut down the channel after Iran demanded it remove the account for inciting an “armed uprising”.
’Corruption on earth’

Zam was charged with “corruption on earth” — one of the most serious offences under Iranian law —and sentenced to death in June.

As his trial started, state television broadcast a “documentary” about Zam’s “relations” with the Islamic republic’s foes.

The broadcaster also aired an “interview” with him in July, in which he is seen saying he believed in reformism until he was detained in 2009 during protests against the disputed re-election of ultra-conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

He also denied having instigated violence through his Telegram channel.

Amnesty has repeatedly called on Iran to stop broadcasting videos of “confessions” by suspects, saying they “violate the defendants’ rights”.

Zam had lived in exile in France for several years before being arrested by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards under unclear circumstances.

Paris-based press rights group Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said on Saturday it was “outraged” by the execution.

RSF had previously claimed that Zam had disappeared on a trip to Baghdad in October 2019, and accused Iran of abducting him in Iraq to face trial back home.

Zam is one of several people to have been sentenced to death over participation or links to protests that rocked Iran between 2017 and 2019.

Navid Afkari, a 27-year-old wrestler, was executed at a prison in the southern city of Shiraz in September.

The judiciary said he had been found guilty of “voluntary homicide” for stabbing to death a government employee in August 2018.

Shiraz and other urban centres had been the scene of anti-government protests at the time.

Three young men were also sentenced to death over links to deadly 2019 protests, but Iran’s supreme court said last week that it would retry them at the request of their defence teams.

Their sentences were initially upheld with the judiciary saying evidence had been found on their phones of them setting alight banks, buses and public buildings.

Amnesty International said Iran executed at least 251 people last year, the world’s second highest total after China.