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Accueil > fundamentalism / shrinking secular space > Lebanon : Beirut funeral for Wissam al-Hassan followed by clashes

Lebanon : Beirut funeral for Wissam al-Hassan followed by clashes

lundi 22 octobre 2012, par siawi3

21 October 2012 Last updated at 15:58 GMT
Source :

The BBC’s Wyre Davies says protesters are angry about the ministers in the government who they say support the Syrian regime

Clashes have erupted outside government offices in the Lebanese capital Beirut after thousands attended the funeral of security chief Wissam al-Hassan who was killed by a car bomb on Friday.

A group of protesters tried to storm the HQ, after a new call for Prime Minister Najib Mikat to resign. Police fired warning shots and tear gas.

Friday’s attack also killed one of Mr Hassan’s bodyguards and a woman nearby.

Opposition figures have blamed neighbouring Syria for the attack.

Many have protested against Syria and its Lebanese allies amid fears the Syrian conflict could spill over.

The confrontation outside the prime minister’s office lasted for a few minutes.

Two former prime ministers - Saad Hariri and Fouad Siniora - intervened to urge their supporters to remain calm.

Lebanon’s religious communities are divided between those who support the Syrian government - including many Shias - and those mostly from the Sunni community who back the rebels.

Lebanon’s Shia militant group Hezbollah - a close ally of the Syrian government - condemned the bombing.
Security forces run after protesters.

Syrian Information Minister Omran al-Zoubi called it a « cowardly, terrorist act ». He said such incidents were « unjustifiable wherever they occur ».

Syrian troops withdrew from Lebanon in 2005 after a 29-year-long presence, in the wake of the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

Mr Hassan, 47, was close to the 14 March opposition and the Hariri family, part of the anti-Syrian opposition.

Blaming neighbour

President Michel Suleiman and Prime Minister Mikati - who has faced calls for his resignation over the killing - greeted Mr Hassan’s coffin at an earlier ceremony at the headquarters of the Internal Security Forces (ISF).

There is a heavy security presence in Beirut and even though the crowd was small and the protest appears to have been largely contained, it demonstrates the many tensions in this country, especially where it comes to the role of Syria in its life.

The funeral was attended by anti-government, anti-Syria protesters. They blame Syria, but also the coalition government saying it is in cahoots with Syria.

People are worried that there could be more attacks here.

There is a palpable sense of increased security - even in a country where there is always a heavy police and army presence.

But there are concerns that, even though Syria’s army left in 2005, Damascus is able to reach into Lebanese society both directly and through its allies.

Mr Hassan headed up the intelligence branch of the ISF. The car bomb exploded close to its offices in the east Beirut neighbourhood of Ashrafiya.

Mr Hassan was to be buried alongside former Prime Minister Hariri.

He led an investigation into Mr Hariri’s assassination, which implicated Damascus.

Mr Hassan also recently organised the arrest of a former minister accused of planning a Syrian-sponsored bombing campaign in Lebanon.

A day after the bombing, Prime Minister Mikati suggested the attack had been connected with that case.

Many mourners at Sunday’s funeral waved the light blue flag of the Sunni-based opposition Future Party, while others carried Lebanon’s national flag.

Many people described Mr Hassan as a martyr who was killed trying to protect his country.

« We came for Lebanon’s future to show that we will not be scared, » said one of the mourners.

The prime minister offered to stand down as prime minister on Saturday, but President Suleiman asked him to stay on in the national interest.

A prominent Lebanese opposition MP, Ahmad Fatfat, told the BBC’s Newshour programme that the conflict could escalate into civil war.

Wissam al-Hassan

Head of the intelligence branch of Lebanon’s Internal Security Forces
Sunni Muslim born in the northern city of Tripoli in 1965
Responsible for the security of former PM Rafik Hariri
Viewed as being close to the Hariris and the opposition 14 March coalition
Responsible for the August arrest of pro-Syrian politician and ex-information minister Michel Samaha

« What Mr Assad is trying to do now is transfer his problem to all the countries around Syria - to Turkey, to Lebanon, to Iraq, to Jordan, and Lebanon is the most fragile in this story, » he said.

« And maybe Assad will do what he can to transfer Lebanon into a hell situation so he can think later on that what is going on is a general war in the Middle East and not a revolution in Syria. »

Arab League Secretary General Nabil al-Arabi said he hoped the situation in Lebanon would be settled, with calm returning.

« It’s very delicate what’s going on and I hope the Lebanese, as usual, will be able to get through this difficult time, » Mr Arabi said.