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Pacific Solution‬

Sunday 23 February 2014, by siawi3

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Pacific Solution is the name given to the Australian government policy of transporting asylum seekers to detention centres on island nations in the Pacific Ocean, rather than allowing them to land on the Australian mainland. Implemented during 2001–2007, it had bipartisan support from the Liberal-National government and Labor opposition at the time.
The Pacific Solution consisted of three central strategies:
• Thousands of islands were excised from Australia’s migration zone or Australian territory.
• The Australian Defence Force commenced Operation Relex to intercept vessels carrying asylum seekers.
• The asylum seekers were removed to detention centres in Nauru and Papua New Guinea while their refugee status was determined.
A number of pieces of legislation enabled this policy. The policy was developed by the Howard government in response to the Tampa affair in August 2001, and was implemented by then Australian Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock on 28 September before the 2001 federal election of 24 November.
The policy was largely dismantled in 2008 by the Rudd government following the election of the Australian Labor Party; Chris Evans, the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship described it as “a cynical, costly and ultimately unsuccessful exercise”.[1]
In August 2012, the succeeding Gillard Labor government introduced a similar policy, reopening Nauru detention centre and Manus Island detention centre for offshore processing,[2] and on 19 July 2013, newly returned Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced, “asylum seekers who come here by boat without a visa will never be settled in Australia”,[3] striking a Regional Resettlement Arrangement between Australia and Papua New Guinea,[4] to divert all “unauthorised maritime arrivals” to mandatory detention on Manus Island with no possibility of attaining Australian residency.[5][6]

• 1 “Flight from Nauru ends Pacific Solution”. Sydney Morning Herald. February 8, 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
• 2 “Govt embraces Pacific Solution measures”. The Australian. 13 August 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
• 3 “Kevin Rudd to send asylum seekers who arrive by boat to Papua New Guinea”. Sydney Morning Herald. July 19, 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
• 4 “Regional resettlement arrangement between Australia and Papua New Guinea”. Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
. 5 
a b “Regional Resettlement Arrangements”. Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
. 6 McKenzie, J. and Hasmath, R. (2013) “Deterring the ‘Boat People’: Explaining the Australian Government’s People Swap Response to Asylum Seekers†, Australian Journal of Political Science 48(4): 417-430.