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India: Hate and prejudice are heavy burdens to put on our children; why not teach them to question?

Tuesday 4 July 2017, by siawi3


Hate and prejudice are heavy burdens to put on our children; why not teach them to question?

Written by Subhadra Sen Gupta

Updated: June 25, 2017 10:52 am

Were the Mughals really evil? Did Indian rishis build an aeroplane? Why not teach our children to debate, question and dissent?

There is a 10-year-old boy in Pune who likes my books so much that he has asked me out on a date. There is also a 10-year-old girl in Canada who thinks I am evil because I praised Akbar.

It is the second child who is making me lose sleep. Two questions keep running through my head. How is a 10-year-old living in peaceful and tolerant Canada capable of such virulent dislike of Muslims? And who taught her to hate?

As a senior citizen who still writes for children, I make sure I listen to them first. My email is there in my books, and, when I meet them in schools, I do not lecture; I let them talk. They return the compliment by patiently treating me as a grey-haired idiot who can’t manage a smartphone. They spot my wobbly knees and gallantly carry my purse when I climb stairs. They run and get me glasses of water. Most children are civilised creatures, instinctively caring and gentle.

That is why this Canadian girl worries me so much. It began with a mail saying that on a visit to India, she bought my book on the history of India as, “I felt so proud of my ancient culture and rich history”. Then, she discovered to her shock that I had not mentioned the exploits of Peshwa Baji Rao I, “who gave a tough and brave fight against the atrocities of Mughal rulers and was successful”.

I pulled out the book and checked. There was a large section on the Marathas, but I had not specifically mentioned any Peshwa. I wrote back explaining that as I was packing 5,000 years of history in one book, I only mentioned people who had changed our history. Baji Rao defeated a weak Mughal army and it did not change anything. He was not Shivaji.

My antenna had gone up at the use of the word “atrocity” as it is not a word a 10-year-old will use easily. So, I asked her if she had a problem with Muslims, gently reminding her that the Mughals, especially Akbar, were, in fact, pretty tolerant people. There was Jodha Bai and Birbal, Todar Mal and Man Singh all hovering around him. Also, that kings, including Hindu Rajputs, fought with each other all the time because that was expected of them in that period.

I don’t think a word I wrote registered. Now the reply was very angry. Why don’t I write a “real history of India” because, “Mughal rulers who were never fair rulers and always caused destraction (sic), killed women and children and did not follow any ethics are called in your book an (sic) great emperors.”

By now, I was getting suspicious and asked her if the mails were being dictated by a parent. This has happened to me before and I am learning to spot it. For instance, the mails were very long and a child usually gives up after half a dozen sentences. Then the phrasing, dripping with contempt and aggression, seemed to be the voice of a bhakt who was part of the “demonise Akbar” brigade. She refused to answer and I gave up.

What is adding to my disquiet is that this is happening often. Children are asking me questions like these — Isn’t the Taj Mahal a Hindu temple? Didn’t the Indian rishis build an aeroplane? Aren’t the Aryans from India and didn’t they go off and conquer Persia and the Middle East? Didn’t Aurangzeb destroy lakhs of Hindu temples? Now, these unproven facts are not to be found in our textbooks. Clearly, it is something they are picking up at home.

So, there are parents who are filling their children’s minds with prejudice and hatred of the other — Muslims, Dalits, dark-skinned people, women, the people from the North East, the LGBT community, and, now, everyone who eats beef. Have you noticed how the list keeps growing? I would like to ask these parents — how are you different from the Islamic fundamentalists teaching children to kill?

Once taught, hate and prejudice become a part of a child’s character. Remember former BJP MP Tarun Vijay’s comment about woman from the south with dusky skin? The prejudice went so deep he could not stop himself even in front of a camera. Why do Romila Thapar and Wendy Doniger make some people explode in rage? Because Thapar can demolish their frail arguments with one imperious sentence and Doniger knows better Sanskrit than they do. Their work shows genuine scholarship, and, of course, they are both disobedient women.

I am still waiting for some good historical writing from the sanctimonious right that is not based on mythology. The problem is that well-researched, well-argued books take a lot of hard work. It is easier to demonise Akbar and Jawaharlal Nehru and co-opt Sardar Patel, BR Ambedkar and, most surprisingly, Bhagat Singh who, by the way, was an atheist and a passionate socialist.

The core problem is that genuine intellectuals cannot emerge from organisations that put an emphasis on superstition and obedience. If you do not learn to question, debate and disagree, then how can you research and come up with original ideas? When I am wandering around libraries, all I find in the stacks are books by the old gang of evil historians. So I am back with the enduring RC Majumdar and the wonderful AL Basham and Percival Spear; the challenging Irfan Habib and the delightful Shireen Moosvi, who, by the way, adores Akbar like I do.

I wish historians of the right would join the debate and write books critical of Akbar and Nehru. But then, their arguments will have to be supported by archaeological and documentary evidence and troublesome things like footnotes, bibliographies and an index. How about demolishing Jadunath Sarkar’s theories on Aurangzeb? That would be a book worth reading. But then, who wants to sit in dim libraries full of dusty tomes when it is so much easier to fulminate on Twitter and throw tantrums on television?

It’s not like politicians do not write on history. Nehru wrote the incomparable A Discovery of India in prison. Maulana Azad wrote about the freedom movement. Even today, Shashi Tharoor and Jairam Ramesh are writing books. But then, they were students who were encouraged to question and argue, not march around in khaki shorts, obediently chanting slogans.

Oddly, that angry Canadian girl made me remember a very strange rightist bhakt. In the 1970s, there was a gentleman named PN Oak, who was hell bent on proving that all Islamic monuments in India were, in fact, built by Hindu kings. My father met him somewhere, and, with typical Bengali love for the eccentric, must have listened patiently to his theories. I really don’t know why Oak thought my doctor father, who was an expert in malaria, could influence historians. But soon, we were being bombarded by postcards covered in tiny handwriting about his theories, which Baba would give to our gang of cousins for entertainment.

I wish I had kept those postcards, they were priceless.

Subhadra Sen Gupta writes on Indian history and culture.



June 28, 2017

Lynchings in India since 2015 - A map

Map here



Memorandum to Prime Minister - Contain Religious Adventurism in Faridabad-Mewat-Alwar Belt

by V.K. Tripathi, 28 June


The merciless lynching of 16 year old Junaid (resident of Khandawali, Ballabgarh) in a crowded train in broad day light on June 12, 2017 is a high point of religious humiliation and violence being perpetrated on the Muslim masses by organized gangs in the Faridabad-Mewat-Alwar belt for the last 2 years. Junaid and his brothers were bitterly abused and vulgar aspersions were called on their religion while they were being brutally beaten and stabbed. His brother Shakir Hussain is struggling for life in Trauma Center, Safdar Jung Hospital, New Delhi. The incident is not an isolated event, it has a sinister pattern.

In May 2015, an attack was mounted on 150 Muslim families of Atali (Ballabgarh) when they were preparing to complete an unfinished mosque following court order in their favor. 25 people were injured and 25 homes burnt before police intervened and took the Muslim residents to police station for safety. A week later people returned back, however, offensives against them continued until all the families were forced to flee. Not many families since then have returned.

In 2016, murderous attack was carried on the family of Zaheeruddin in Deengerhedi (Tauru, Mewat) in which his son Ibrahim (39) and daughter in law Rashidan (37) were killed, daughter and son in law were critically injured and their daughters’ dignity was attacked. On April 1, 2017 a farmer from Jaisinghpur, Mewat, Mr. Pehlu Khan, his sons Irshad and Arif and neighbors Azmat and Rafiq, returning from Jaipur after purchasing 5 milking cows, were stopped in Behror (Alwar) by motor riding cow vigilantes and brutally thrashed. Pehlu Khan died a day later. The police confiscated their cows and have not yet returned them despite valid papers. The government has not paid any relief so far. On April 5, 2017 a procession was taken out in Behror, not showing any sympathy with Pehlu Khan but demanding that no ‘innocent’ Hindu should be arrested. There have been instances of sectarian offensives in Tikri Brahmin (Palwal) and elsewhere also. Blatant drive to check biryani samples on the occasion of Id ul Zuha has only brought immense humiliation and fear.

We demand

i) immediate compensation for the victims of these heinous crimes

ii) bringing the attacking gangs to justice,

iii) cessation of political and administrative patronage to cow vigilantes/ fanatics,

iv) disbanding of the recent moves on cow slaughter that have become a curtain for criminals to project themselves as heroes,

v) declaration by the state that cow can’t be protected unless tractor based farming and truck based transport stop.

You may recall, when Gandhi was attacked in South Africa, his struggle was directed against the state that patronized color discrimination. Similar onus falls on the Government of India and State governments as it is under them that these elements are emboldened.

Sadbhav Mission tripathivipin[at], 9717309263

We invite like-minded groups and individuals to be a part of this memorandum. We also plan to reach out to people in the villages in these districts.

V.K. Tripathi